Report - Trump's First Year: How Resilient is Liberal Democracy?


This paper by Ambassador John Shattuck, Amanda Watson and Matthew McDole examines the resilience of liberal democracy and democratic institutions in the US after one year of the Trump administration.


In its 2016 “Democracy Index” report, the Economist Intelligence Unit downgraded the United States from a “full” to a “flawed democracy”. The report cited “an erosion of trust in political institutions” as the primary reason for the downgrade.[1] In January 2018 Freedom House offered an equally dire assessment: “democratic institutions in the US have suffered erosion, as reflected in partisan manipulation of the electoral process . . . and growing disparities in wealth, economic opportunity and political influence.”[2]

Declining levels of political participation and public confidence in government in the US are not new, but the populist forces that propelled the election of Donald Trump in 2016 signaled a new level of public disillusionment with democratic politics as usual. There has been a sharp increase in public discontent with the system of governance in the US over the last fifteen years. An October 2017 Washington Post/University of Maryland poll found that 71% of Americans believe that political polarization and democratic dysfunction have reached “a dangerous low point”.[3] Three years earlier, in 2014, a Gallup Poll showed that 65% of Americans were “dissatisfied with their system of government and how it works,” a dramatic reversal from 68% satisfaction twelve years earlier in 2002.[4]

The US is a flawed liberal democracy.[5] In theory, liberal democracy is the antithesis of authoritarianism. Its ingredients include free and fair elections, freedom of speech and media freedom, an independent judiciary, minority rights and civil liberties, a diverse civil society, the rule of law and a system of checks and balances against concentrations of power. The institutions and elements of liberal democracy are designed to be a bulwark against tyranny by both the executive and the majority.





shattuck2John Shattuck

  • Senior Fellow, Carr Center for Human Rights Policy

  • Professor of Practice in Diplomacy, Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, Tufts University

  • Visiting Scholar (Spring 2018), Institute of International Studies, University of California Berkeley

    John Shattuck is Professor of Practice in Diplomacy at the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, Tufts University, a Senior Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, a member of the Council on Foreign Relations, and chairs the international advisory board of the Center on Ethics, Justice and Public Life at Brandeis University. His many publications include Freedom on Fire, a study of the international response to genocide and crimes against humanity, Rights of Privacy, and many articles on democracy, human rights, civil liberties, international relations and higher education.

amandawsmallAmanda Watson

  • Masters in Public Policy Candidate, Harvard Kennedy School

mattmcMatthew McDole

  • Masters in Public Policy Candidate, Harvard Kennedy School



[1] Amanda Erikson, “The U.S. is no longer a ‘full democracy,’ a new study warns,” The Washington Post, January 26, 2017,
[2] Freedom House, Freedom in the World, 2017: Report on the United States, January 18, 2018,
[3] John Wagner and Scott Clement, “‘It’s just messed up’: Most think political divisions as bad as Vietnam, new poll shows,” October 28, 2017
[4] Justin McCarthy, “In U.S., 65% Dissatisfied with How Gov’t System Works,” Gallup News, January 22, 2014,
[5] Economist Intelligence Unit, Democracy Index 2016: Revenge of the “deplorables”,