News Item

2019
Mark Latonero. 7/11/2019. “Stop Surveillance Humanitarianism.” The New York Times. Publisher's VersionAbstract

A standoff between the United Nations World Food Program and Houthi rebels in control of the capital region is threatening the lives of hundreds of thousands of civilians in Yemen.

Alarmed by reports that food is being diverted to support the rebels, the aid program is demanding that Houthi officials allow them to deploy biometric technologies like iris scans and digital fingerprints to monitor suspected fraud during food distribution.

The Houthis have reportedly blocked food delivery, painting the biometric effort as an intelligence operation, and have demanded access to the personal data on beneficiaries of the aid. The impasse led the aid organization to the decision last month to suspend food aid to parts of the starving population — once thought of as a last resort — unless the Houthis allow biometrics.

Read the full article.

6/25/2019. “How to Start a Revolution .” NPR: Planet Money. Publisher's VersionAbstract

New article on NPR featuring the work of Professor Erica Chenoweth.

"Chenoweth trawled through 323 campaigns for regime change or self-determination worldwide from 1900 to 2006.

Then Stephan and Chenoweth teamed up to write a paper and a book based on the data. They found that major nonviolent campaigns are successful 53% of the time, while violent campaigns are successful only 26% of the time.

But does nonviolence cause the higher success rate? Or are you more likely to choose sit-ins over shootouts when you know you're already likely to succeed? When Stephan and Chenoweth factored in additional data on why the campaigns turned violent, peaceful resistance still prevailed. The likelihood of success was not a factor in whether a campaign became violent.

"I was surprised," Chenoweth says. "I expected for there to be, basically, at best no significant difference between armed and unarmed action."

Timothy Patrick McCarthy. 6/24/2019. “Reclaiming Stonewall: Welcome to the Celebration—and the Struggle.” The Nation.Abstract

"Fifty years ago, in the early morning hours of June 28, 1969, a motley multitude of queer folks fought back. The stage was the Stonewall Inn, a popular Mafia-owned gay bar on Christopher Street in New York City’s West Village. The spectacle was a police raid, which had become an increasingly routine fact of queer life during the 1960s. It was summer, people were hot, and the nation was pulsing with protest."

Read more: https://www.thenation.com/article/stonewall-1969-progress-paradox/

6/10/2019. “The Quest For Inclusive & Ethical Technology.” WUWM Milwaukee NPR. Bonnie North. Publisher's VersionAbstract

New interview with Technology and Human Rights Fellow Sabelo Mhlambi.

https://www.wuwm.com/post/quest-inclusive-ethical-technology

"Most of us think of technology as a neutral force. Objects or processes are designed and implemented to solve problems and there are no biases, implied or overt, at work. But Sabelo Mhlambi says, not so fast. The computer scientist and researcher says technology cannot be neutral. What gets made, who makes it and uses it, and why is dependent upon our societies — and all societies are biased.

"Technology will only replicate who we are," he explains. "Our social interactions will still occur online anyway. So, there’s nothing magical about technology where it somehow brings neutrality or brings equality or equity."

5/17/2019. “Big tech firms are racing to track climate refugees.” MIT Technology Review. Publisher's VersionAbstract

New article features Carr Center Technology and Human Rights Fellow Mark Latonero.

"Simply layering technology on top of existing humanitarian problems tends to exacerbate the issues it intended to resolve. In a new report on the role of digital identity in refugee and migrant contexts, a team of researchers at the Data & Society Research Institute, led by Mark Latonero, detail the various ways these initiatives can reproduce and worsen existing bureaucratic biases."

https://www.technologyreview.com/s/613531/big-tech-firms-are-racing-to-t...

5/7/2019. “Critical Skill for Nonprofits in the Digital Age: Technical Intuition.” Stanford Social Innovation Review. Publisher's VersionAbstract

New article featuring Carr Center Technology and Human Rights Fellow Alix Dunn.

https://ssir.org/podcasts/entry/critical_skill_for_nonprofits_in_the_dig...

In a world where the pace of organizational learning is often slower than the pace of technological change, activists and nonprofit leaders must develop their “technical intuition.” Not everyone needs to become a tech expert, explains Alix Dunn, of the consulting firm Computer Says Maybe, but this ongoing process of imagining, inquiring about, deciding on, and demanding technological change is critical.

In this recording from our 2019 Data on Purpose conference, Dunn walks through her guidelines to help anyone to develop these skills.

Zoe Marks, Erica Chenoweth, and Jide Okeke. 4/25/2019. “People Power is Rising in Africa.” Foreign Affairs. Publisher's VersionAbstract

A new tide of people power is rising in Africa. On April 2, a nonviolent resistance movement in Algeria succeeded in pressuring Abdelaziz Bouteflika to resign after 20 years as president. Nine days later, protesters in Sudan were celebrating the ouster of Omar al-Bashir, Sudan’s president of 30 years, after a three-month-long uprising against his regime.

The nonviolent overthrows of Bouteflika and Bashir are not aberrations. They reflect a surprising trend across the continent: despite common perceptions of Africa as wracked by violence and conflict, since 2000, most rebellions there have been unarmed and peaceful. Over the past decade, mass uprisings in Africa have accounted for one in three of the nonviolent campaigns aiming to topple dictatorships around the world. Africa has seen 25 new, nonviolent mass movements—almost twice as many as Asia, the next most active region with 16.

Read the full article: https://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/africa/2019-04-25/people-power-r...

4/21/2019. “How to Solve Homelessness With Artificial Intelligence.” Ozy.Com. Publisher's VersionAbstract

New article on Ozy.com featuring Carr Center Technology and Human Rights Fellow Desmond Patton.

“This is a pioneering phase for social work and AI,” says Desmond Patton, a professor at Columbia University who uses natural language processing algorithms to analyze gang violence. “I don’t think it’s a space yet.”

3/25/2019. “Deepfakes are solvable—but don’t forget that “shallowfakes” are already pervasive.” MIT Technology Review. Publisher's VersionAbstract

New article features Carr Center Technology and Human Rights Fellow Mark Latonero.
" Mark Latonero, human rights lead at Data & Society, a nonprofit institute dedicated to the applications of data, agreed that technology companies should be doing more to tackle such issues. While Microsoft, Google, Twitter, and others have employees focused on human rights, he said, there was so much more they should be doing before they deploy technologies—not after."

https://www.technologyreview.com/s/613172/deepfakes-shallowfakes-human-r...

2/11/2019. “Chicago Public Schools Monitored Social Media for Signs of Violence, Gang Membership.” ProPublica Illinois. Publisher's VersionAbstract
New article in ProPublica Illinois mentions the work of Desmond Patton, Carr Center Technology and Human Rights Fellow.
https://www.propublica.org/article/chicago-public-schools-social-media-m...
1/25/2019. “Embedding ethics in computer science curriculum.” The Harvard Gazette. Publisher's VersionAbstract

New article in The Harvard Gazette features work by Carr Center Technology and Human Rights fellow Kate Vredenburgh.

https://news.harvard.edu/gazette/story/2019/01/harvard-works-to-embed-et...

"A module that Kate Vredenburgh, a philosophy Ph.D. student, created for a course taught by Professor Finale Doshi-Velez asks students to grapple with questions of how machine-learning models can be discriminatory, and how that discrimination can be reduced."

1/8/2019. “Living with a criminal record.” MPR News Update. Kerri Miller. Publisher's VersionAbstract

https://www.mprnews.org/story/2019/01/08/miller-living-with-a-criminal-r...

MPR News with Technology and Human Rights fellow Laurin Leonard.

What is it like to live with a criminal record? Kerri Miller talked to two experts to gain a better understanding of how a criminal record impact different areas of life.

Guests: Laurin Leonard— Executive director of "Mission: Launch"

Alexandra Natapoff— Former public defender, law professor at UC Irvine, and author of "Punishment Without Crime"

To listen to the full discussion, use the audio player above.

Alexa Koenig and Sherif Elsayed-Ali. 1/5/2019. “We can't future-proof technology. But here are 5 ways to forward plan.” World Economic Forum . Publisher's VersionAbstract

New article co-authored by Carr Center Technology and Human Rights Fellow Sherif Elsayed-Ali.
https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2019/01/how-to-plan-for-technology-future...

"We know that the technologies of the Fourth Industrial Revolution are drastically changing our world. This change is happening at a faster rate and greater scale than at any point in human history – and with that change come significant challenges to the ability of our public institutions and governments to adequately respond.

From the plough to vaccines to computers, technological innovations have generally made human societies more productive. Over time, people have figured out how to mitigate their negative aspects. For example, electrical applications are much safer to use now than in the early days of electrification. Though we came close to disaster, since the Second World War the international political system has managed to contain the threat of nuclear weapons for mass destruction.

However, the accelerating pace of change and the power of new technologies mean that negative unintended consequences will only become more frequent and more dangerous. What can we do today to help ensure that new technologies make life better, not worse?"

2018
Kathryn Sikkink. 12/4/2018. “Here’s what Erick Erickson gets wrong about dictators and migration.” The Washington Post. Publisher's VersionAbstract
In a recent op-ed, conservative writer Erik Erickson argued that the U.S. government should support the “next Pinochets” to create more stability in Latin America and stop the flow of refugees seeking access to the United States. The remark was instantly controversial because Augusto Pinochet was a Chilean dictator who committed massive human rights abuses.
Erica Chenoweth. 10/19/2018. “In July, the Trump-era wave of protests started taking a back seat to campaign rallies.” The Washington Post. Publisher's VersionAbstract

For 18 months now, as we’ve counted attendance at political gatherings around the United States, we’ve seen crowds in all 50 U.S. states and the District of Columbia. For the first time since President Trump’s inauguration, we found one state with no political gatherings. In all, in July, we tallied 743 protests, demonstrations, strikes, marches, sit-ins, rallies and walkouts in all states and the District — except South Dakota.

Our conservative guess is that between 71,502 and 73,483 people showed up at these political events, although more probably showed up, as well. This number is the lowest in one month that we’ve seen since December 2017. This year, January, March and June included some of the highest protest numbers in U.S. history, and June featured unusually high attendance because of LGBTQ Pride, Families Belong Together (which protested the policy that separated migrant families at the border), and the Poor People’s Campaign, among others.

Sreang Heng. 9/4/2018. “Elections under oppression in Cambodia: a predictable outcome?” Yale Macmillan Center. Publisher's VersionAbstract

Written by Sreang Heng, Carr Center fellow.

Full publication: https://macmillan.yale.edu/news/elections-under-oppression-cambodia-predictable-outcome