Human Security

Appellate Court Reinstates Abu Ghraib Torture Lawsuit Against Private Military Contractor

Appellate Court Reinstates Abu Ghraib Torture Lawsuit Against Private Military Contractor

October 24, 2016

 

On October 21, 2016, a panel of the Fourth Circuit Court of Appeals reinstated a lawsuit  (Al Shimari v. CACI) brought by the Center for Constitutional Rights (CCR) on behalf of four Abu Ghraib torture victims against CACI Premier Technology, Inc., a private military contractor, for the corporation’s role in their inhumane treatment.  Reacting to this decision, Carr Center Senior Fellow Alberto Mora stated:

“The… Read more about Appellate Court Reinstates Abu Ghraib Torture Lawsuit Against Private Military Contractor

Carr Center for Human Rights Policy Senior Fellow on Private Military Contractor Ruling

Carr Center for Human Rights Policy Senior Fellow on Private Military Contractor Ruling

October 24, 2016

 

October 22th, 2016

CAMBRIDGE, MA — On October 21, 2016, a panel of the Fourth Circuit Court of Appeals reinstated a lawsuit  (Al Shimari v. CACI) brought by the Center for Constitutional Rights on behalf of four Abu Ghraib torture victims against CACI Premier Technology, Inc., a private military contractor alleged to be responsible for the inhumane treatment.

U.S. military investigators had… Read more about Carr Center for Human Rights Policy Senior Fellow on Private Military Contractor Ruling

Carr Center to host Symposium on Technology and Human Rights

Carr Center to host Symposium on Technology and Human Rights

October 18, 2016

 

CAMBRIDGE, MA — The Carr Center for Human Rights Policy, located at the Harvard Kennedy School, is pleased to announce our upcoming symposium: Technology & Human Rights.

The Symposium will be chaired by Carr Center’s Senior Fellow Steven Livingston, a Professor of Media and Public Affairs and International Affairs with appointments in the School of Media and Public Affairs and the Elliott School of International Affairs at the George Washington University.

The Technology & Human Rights Symposium, hosted at Harvard University’s John F. Kennedy… Read more about Carr Center to host Symposium on Technology and Human Rights

2016 Oct 18

Restoring the Rule of Law In Guatemala with Iván Velásquez Gómez

4:00pm to 5:30pm

Location: 

Adams House LCR (26 Plympton Street, Cambridge

 

Join Iván Velásquez Gómez, UN High Commissioner for the International Commission Against Impunity in Guatemala, (CICIG) as he describes his battles against illegal security groups and clandestine security  organizations in Guatemala – criminal groups believed to have infiltrated state institutions, fostering impunity and undermining democratic gains in Guatemala since the end of the country's armed conflict in the 1990s. The CICIG  represents an innovative initiative by the United Nations, together with a Member State, to strengthen the rule of law in a post-conflict country.… Read more about Restoring the Rule of Law In Guatemala with Iván Velásquez Gómez

2016 Nov 03

The Future of Human Rights: Technology and Fact-Finding in the 21st Century

Registration Closed(All day)

Location: 

Allison Dining Room Taubman 520 (Keynote in NYE A, Taubman)

The Future of Human Rights: Technology and Fact-Finding in the 21st Century, hosted at Harvard University’s John F. Kennedy School of Government on November 3rd and 4th, to strengthen technical collaboration among stakeholders working on issues at the intersection of human rights and technology. It will… Read more about The Future of Human Rights: Technology and Fact-Finding in the 21st Century

Telling the True Story of Human Trafficking

Telling the True Story of Human Trafficking

October 13, 2016

In the latest edition of HKS Policycast, HKS Lecturer Siddharth Kara of the Carr Center for Human Rights Policy explains how his research into the tens of millions of girls around the world who have been forced into sexual slavery led him to Hollywood, where he wrote and produced the new feature film “Trafficked.” The film, based on true stories, follows three enslaved teens who end up in a Texas brothel after being trafficked across the globe.

Listen here.

Carr Center's John Shattuck: "US needs to help the EU end the refugee crisis"

Carr Center's John Shattuck: "US needs to help the EU end the refugee crisis"

April 26, 2016

In his latest Op-Ed for the Boston Globe, Carr Center Senior Fellow John Shattuck argues that the US "needs to help the EU end the refugee crisis."

Writes Shattuck: "The refugee crisis is at the center of Europe’s political war. Some European countries are building walls to exclude people seeking refuge from the deadly conflicts in the Middle East, while others — notably Greece, Germany, and the Nordics — are working to reinforce EU values of openness and tolerance.

The United States should do more to promote these values by increasing its support for relief efforts and… Read more about Carr Center's John Shattuck: "US needs to help the EU end the refugee crisis"

Carr Center's Research Team featured in Foreign Affairs

Carr Center's Research Team featured in Foreign Affairs

September 21, 2016

The Carr Center's "Strategic Consequences of Torture" project was recently featured in Foreign Affairs Magazine. In the article, Carr Center's research team, Douglas A. Johnson, Alberto Mora, and Averell Schmidt argue that "a truly comprehensive assessment (of torture) would also explore the policy’s broader implications, including how it shaped the trajectory of the so-called war on terror, altered the relationship between the United States and its allies, and affected Washington’s pursuit of other key goals, such as the promotion of democracy and human rights abroad."

Read more about Carr Center's Research Team featured in Foreign Affairs

Dara Kay Cohen. 8/2015. “Do States Delegate Shameful Violence to Militias?.” The Journal of Conflict Resolution, 5, 59: 877-898. Publisher's Version Abstract

Existing research maintains that governments delegate extreme, gratuitous, or excessively brutal violence to militias. However, analyzing all militias in armed conflicts from 1989 to 2009, we find that this argument does not account for the observed patterns of sexual violence, a form of violence that should be especially likely to be delegated by governments. Instead, we find that states commit sexual violence as a complement to—rather than a substitute for—violence perpetrated by militias. Rather than the logic of delegation, we argue that two characteristics of militia groups increase the probability of perpetrating sexual violence. First, we find that militias that have recruited children are associated with higher levels of sexual violence. This lends support to a socialization hypothesis, in which sexual violence may be used as a tool for building group cohesion. Second, we find that militias that were trained by states are associated with higher levels of sexual violence, which provides evidence for sexual violence as a “practice” of armed groups. These two complementary results suggest that militia-perpetrated sexual violence follows a different logic and is neither the result of delegation nor, perhaps, indiscipline.

John Shattuck. 3/26/2016. “Karadzic verdict is a victory for civilization.” The Boston Globe. Publisher's Version Abstract

Op-Ed from Carr Center's John Shattuck.

"In a world rampant with terrorism, Thursday’s verdict in the Radovan Karadzic trial in The Hague is a victory for international justice. The former Bosnian Serb leader was convicted by the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia of genocide, crimes against humanity, and war crimes for leading a reign of genocidal terror during the Bosnian war."

Siddharth Kara. 5/6/2014. Bonded Labor: Tackling the System of Slavery in South Asia, 336. Columbia University Press. Publisher's Version Abstract

Siddharth Kara's Sex Trafficking has become a critical resource for its revelations into an unconscionable business, and its detailed analysis of the trade's immense economic benefits and human cost. This volume is Kara's second, explosive study of slavery, this time focusing on the deeply entrenched and wholly unjust system of bonded labor.

Drawing on eleven years of research in India, Nepal, Bangladesh, and Pakistan, Kara delves into an ancient and ever-evolving mode of slavery that ensnares roughly six out of every ten slaves in the world and generates profits that exceeded $17.6 billion in 2011. In addition to providing a thorough economic, historical, and legal overview of bonded labor, Kara travels to the far reaches of South Asia, from cyclone-wracked southwestern Bangladesh to the Thar desert on the India-Pakistan border, to uncover the brutish realities of such industries as hand-woven-carpet making, tea and rice farming, construction, brick manufacture, and frozen-shrimp production. He describes the violent enslavement of millions of impoverished men, women, and children who toil in the production of numerous products at minimal cost to the global market. He also follows supply chains directly to Western consumers, vividly connecting regional bonded labor practices to the appetites of the world. Kara's pioneering analysis encompasses human trafficking, child labor, and global security, and he concludes with specific initiatives to eliminate the system of bonded labor from South Asia once and for all.

Kathryn Sikkink

A Measure of Justice

July 11, 2016

In a new feature story in the Harvard Kennedy School Magazine, Kathryn Sikkink's work on documenting human rights violations is examined in depth.

"Sikkink, the Ryan Family Professor of Human Rights Policy, has devoted her career to addressing that question and the one that follows from it: How can human rights abuses be prevented? Over the past 40 years, she has tracked an evolving, relatively new norm she calls the “justice cascade,” which has increased accountability for human rights offenders, a recent example being the Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic. In… Read more about A Measure of Justice

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