Carr Center Fellows

Populism, Authoritarianism, and Institutional Resistance: Constitutional Courts in the Game of Power
Justice Luís Roberto Barroso. 7/14/2022. “Populism, Authoritarianism, and Institutional Resistance: Constitutional Courts in the Game of Power.” Carr Center Discussion Paper Series. Publisher's VersionAbstract
Democratic constitutionalism was the victorious ideology of the 20th century, having defeated the alternatives that appeared over the decades: communism, fascism, Nazism, military regimes, and religious fundamentalism. However, in these first decades of the 21st century, something seems to not be going very well. Some describe it as a democratic recession. This paper identifies three phenomena that underlie this historical process: populism, extremism, and authoritarianism, as well as their political, economic-social, and cultural-identity causes. Then, after an analysis of the world context, this article focuses on the Brazilian experience in recent years, narrating the threats to constitutional legality and the institutional reaction. The final part discusses the limits and possibilities of constitutional courts in the exercise of their role of defending constitutionalism and democracy.

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Thomas Hayes

Thomas Hayes

Carr Center Fellow
Dr. Hayes specializes in the fields of American politics and political behavior, with an emphasis on economic inequality. In 2019, Dr. Hayes served as U.S.... Read more about Thomas Hayes
Shea Streeter

Shea Streeter

Carr Center Fellow

Shea Streeter is an assistant professor at the University of Michigan. Her research examines how race and gender shape the ways that people experience,...

Read more about Shea Streeter
Sima Samar

Sima Samar

Carr Center Fellow
Dr. Sima Samar is an Afghan woman's and human rights advocate, activist and a social worker within national and international forums, who served as Minister of... Read more about Sima Samar
Vafa Ghazavi

Vafa Ghazavi

Carr Center Fellow

Dr Vafa Ghazavi is a political theorist and philosopher, public policy strategist, and former diplomat. He currently serves as Executive Director for...

Read more about Vafa Ghazavi
Nicholas Opiyo

Nicholas Opiyo

Carr Center Fellow
Scholar at Risk

Nicholas Opiyo is a Ugandan human rights lawyer commonly known for campaigning civil rights and political freedoms in Uganda specifically...

Read more about Nicholas Opiyo