The Carr Center for Human Rights Policy announces its new technology advisory committee, and newest cohort of Technology and Human Rights Fellows.
Cambridge, MA – The Carr Center for Human Rights Policy at the Harvard Kennedy School is proud to announce a new advisory committee composed of leading scholars and experts in technology and human rights, in addition to its newest cohort of Technology and Human Rights Fellows. The cohort includes 15 individuals from around the globe dedicated to advancing human rights in the age of technology. Their work with the center will begin in fall 2020.
Members of the Technology and Human Rights Advisory Committee include:
- Mathias Risse, Committee Head; Faculty Director, Carr Center for Human Rights Policy; Lucius N. Littauer Professor of Philosophy and Public Administration, HKS
- David Eaves, Lecturer in Public Policy, HKS
- Nien-hê Hsieh, Professor of Business Administration, HBS
- Sheila Jasanoff, Pforzheimer Professor of Science & Technology, HKS
- Sushma Raman, Ex-officio; Executive Director, Carr Center for Human Rights Policy
- Bruce Schneier, Adjunct Lecturer in Public Policy, HKS
- James Waldo, Gordon McKay Professor of the Practice of Computer Science, SEAS
- Shoshana Zuboff, Charles Edward Wilson Professor of Business Administration, HBS, Emeritus
The 2020-2021 Technology and Human Rights Fellows strengthen the Carr Center's mission to educate the next generation of leaders in human rights policy and practice; and to provide knowledge to organizations, states, policymakers, and corporations.
Under the guidance of Mathias Risse, Faculty Director of the Carr Center for Human Rights Policy and Lucius N. Littauer Professor of Philosophy and Public Administration at the Harvard Kennedy School, the fellows will spend the next academic year building projects related to the impact of the future of work on racial minorities, business and human rights, international law and cyberspace, and the UN guiding principles, among other projects.
The Impact of the Future of Work on Racial Minorities
Chike Aguh is a Senior Principal at the McChrystal Group, a firm founded by Gen. (Ret.) Stanley McChrystal. He serves as the firm’s subject matter expert on the future of work. Chike is a Council of Foreign Relations (CFR) term member, member of CFR’s Future of Work Taskforce, inaugural Future of Work Fellow at the International Society for Technology in Education, and advisor to the American AI Forum. Previously, he worked as an education policy official under the Mayor of New York City, a 2nd grade teacher and Teach For America corps member, a Fulbright Scholar in Thailand, a corporate strategy director at the Advisory Board Company, and CEO of a national social enterprise which helped connect 500,000 low-income Americans in 48 states to affordable internet and digital skills. Chike holds degrees from Tufts University (BA), the Harvard Graduate School of Education (EdM), the Harvard Kennedy School of Government (MPA), and the University of Pennsylvania's Wharton School (MBA).
Assessing the Impact of AI for “Social Good”
Chelsea Barabas is a PhD candidate at MIT, where she examines the spread of algorithmic decision-making tools in the US criminal justice system. She works with an interdisciplinary group of researchers, community organizers, and government officials to unpack and transform mainstream narratives around criminal justice reform and data-driven decision making. Formerly, she was a research scientist at the MIT Media Lab, where she studied the limits of mainstream discourse regarding "ethical AI." She was also formerly the Head of Social Innovation at the MIT Media Lab's Digital Currency Initiative, where she evaluated the feasibility and social implications of building decentralized digital infrastructure for online publishing and user-centered data management services in emerging markets. Common across all of Chelsea's work is an interest in developing critical, historically grounded approaches to the design of technologies that aim to serve the public interest.
A Human Rights-Based Approach to Controversial Technology Policy
Maria Carnovale is a Lead Policy Analyst at the Duke Initiative for Science and Society, where she studies current policies related to data security and emerging technology in collaboration with the Duke Center for Science at Technology Policy. Her work focuses on the social and ethical implications of recent technology and privacy regulation. After receiving her PhD in Public Policy from the Duke University Sanford School of Public Policy, Maria joined the Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies as a Postdoctoral Fellow. Her PhD and postdoctoral research studied market power in the platform economy, an economy dominated by large intermediaries. The genesis of this work was conceived during her internship at the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights. This work combined her policy outlook with the economic thinking on the impact of technological innovation gained through her MS in Economics and Management of Innovation and Technology from Università Bocconi in Milan, Italy.
The Future of Global Citizenship & Humanity in a Digital World
Flynn Coleman is an author, international human rights attorney, professor, public speaker, social innovator, and entrepreneur. She is the author of the book, A Human Algorithm: How Artificial Intelligence Is Redefining Who We Are, a groundbreaking narrative on the urgency of ethically designed AI and a guidebook to reimagining life in the era of intelligent technology. Flynn has worked with the United Nations, the United States federal government, international corporations, universities, and human rights organizations around the world. She has taught at The New School, Parsons School of Design, and was the inaugural fellow at the Grunin Center for Law and Social Entrepreneurship at NYU School of Law. She holds a BSFS from Georgetown University’s School of Foreign Service, a JD from UC Berkeley School of Law, and an LLM from the London School of Economics and Political Science.
Human Rights & the Smart City
Philip Dawson is a Public Policy Lead at Element AI, a leading AI solutions company headquartered in Montreal, Canada, where his policy research and advocacy work focuses on data and AI governance. He is the co-chair of the Canadian Data Governance Standardization Collaborative, a member of the World Economic Forum’s Global Council on the Future of Human Rights and the Fourth Industrial Revolution, the UN Global Pulse Expert Group on the Governance of Data and AI, and an active participant in OECD policy initiatives on AI. Philip has spoken at several international conferences and summits, including the Internet Governance Forum, meetings hosted by UN Global Pulse and UN Human Rights, UNESCO's conference on principles for AI, RightsCon, MozFest, and the Open Government Partnership Summit. He holds degrees in political science, comparative politics, and law from McGill University and the London School of Economics and Political Science.
The UN Guiding Principles in the Age of Technology
Mark Hodge works at the interface of human rights, responsible business conduct, and new technologies. He is currently an advisor to the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, where he plays a central role in the B-Tech Project in which he leads work on human rights due diligence related end-use, and addressing human rights risks inherent to technology industry business models. Mark is a Senior Associate at Shift, the leading center of expertise on the UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights. He has worked as an external consultant to Business for Social Responsibility’s engagement with technology companies. Mark is also a research fellow at the London-based Institute for Human Rights and Business. Previously, Mark was the Executive Director of the Global Business Initiative on Human Rights which he founded in 2009.
The Right to be Forgotten: Private Enforcement of an Experimental & Controversial Right
Rachel Hulvey is a Political Science PhD candidate at the University of Pennsylvania researching the global governance of digital technologies. Her work intersects with the disciplines of international law, technology, and human rights by examining the role of global information technology firms, such as Facebook and Google, in the implementation of public policies. As a Carr Center Technology and Human Rights Fellow, she will examine the Right to be Forgotten in the European Union and the European Court of Justice’s decision to allow Google to handle submissions for the 'right of erasure' and determine the provision of emerging and experimental privacy right as individuals apply for protection. Rachel draws upon her background working with Facebook in digital advertising and pursuing her MA in public policy at Columbia’s School of International and Public Affairs.
Business, Technology, & Human Rights Principles
Khahlil Louisy is an applied theorist and empirical economist. His work focuses on the use of robust data analysis techniques and the theories of economics to better understand the complex issues of global poverty. He has worked on economic development projects in India, Kenya, Ethiopia, Mexico, and Bangladesh. Specifically, his work focuses on the political economy of development, human rights, technology, healthcare, and financial systems—vital inputs to achieving positive and sustained long-term outcomes in developing countries. Khahlil currently leads the global implementation and strategy of the “Safe Paths” technology, developed at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) for containment efforts of COVID 19. In this role, he works with over forty local and international governments and public health departments to adopt and deploy technology in their respective jurisdictions. He is also actively involved in the development of guiding principles and policies for preserving the privacy of users, and to ensure that these technologies are not being used to facilitate surveillance states or violate the human rights of individuals.
Human Rights, Ethical Principles, & the Need for Transparency in the Age of AI
Brandie Nonnecke is the founding director of the CITRIS Policy Lab, headquartered at UC Berkeley. She previously served as a fellow at the Aspen Tech Policy Hub and the World Economic Forum on the Council on the Future of the Digital Economy and Society. Brandie has expertise in information and communication technology policy and internet governance. She studies human rights at the intersection of law, policy, and emerging technologies with her current work focusing on issues of fairness and accountability in AI-enabled systems. She leads the Public Interest Research Alliance (PIRA), a multistakeholder, non-binding coalition committed to the establishment of shared principles and operational guides for the appropriate collection, storage, and use of platform data for human rights investigations and public interest research. Her research has been featured in Wired, NPR, BBC News, MIT Technology Review, and Buzzfeed News, among others. Brandie conducted her postdoctoral research at UC Berkeley and holds a PhD from Penn State University.
Assessing International Law of Cyberspace with a Human Rights Lens
Dinah PoKempner is the Chief Legal Officer of Human Rights Watch. She has helped lead the organization’s work on cyberliberties, privacy, the campaign against killer robots, whistleblowers, and many other issues relating to technology and human rights. Dinah has testified before Congress, participated in international treaty processes, and helped shape UN resolutions on privacy in the digital age. In addition to her work on international legal policy, Dinah oversees Human Rights Watch’s engagement in international litigation, and has trained human rights researchers around the world. Her field research has taken her to Cambodia, the Republic of Korea, Vietnam, former Yugoslavia, and elsewhere in documenting and analyzing compliance with international humanitarian law, war crimes, and violations of civil and political rights. A graduate of Yale and Columbia University School of Law and a member of the Council on Foreign Relations, Dinah also teaches international human rights law at Columbia College.
Digital Rights in the Global South for Humanitarian Organizations
Aarathi Krishnan specializes in humanitarian futures and strategic foresight. She has worked in humanitarian and development aid globally for over 15 years, and now focuses her work on reimagining futures for the humanitarian system and social change. Aarathi works at the intersection of humanitarian futures, strategic foresight, and systems transformation. She supports a range of international humanitarian organizations on how to embed foresight and strategy to drive institutional and systems transformation, including the UN in Cambodia and Macedonia, UNDP, UNV, UNHCR, MSF, and ICRC. Aarathi also works on research initiatives with a range of partners, including the World Economic Forum, on inclusive technologies, AI, and Civil Society Futures. She is specifically interested in issues of planetary health, inclusive and equitable technology futures, and new forms of growth and power, with a lens on decolonized and feminist futures.
Recalibrating Human Rights Principles in the Age of Technology
Elizabeth Renieris is a law and policy expert focused on data governance and the human rights implications of new and emerging technologies. She is the founder of HACKYLAWYER, a consultancy focused on law and policy engineering, as well as a fellow at the Berkman Klein Center for Internet and Society at Harvard University, where she researches data governance frameworks. A leading authority on digital identity, cross-border data protection and privacy laws (CIPP/E, CIPP/US), and emerging technologies such as blockchain and AI, Elizabeth has advised the World Bank, the U.K. Parliament, and the European Commission, as well as a variety of international organizations and NGOs on these subjects. She has worked on three continents as a government attorney, outside counsel with two prominent international law firms, and in-house counsel at two digital identity startups, and serves on the advisory boards of ID2020.org, IDPro.org, and the MIT Computational Law Report. Elizabeth holds a Master of Laws (LLM) from the London School of Economics, a Juris Doctor (JD) from Vanderbilt University, and a Bachelor of Arts (BA) from Harvard College.
Joana Varon Ferraz
A Feminist & Human Rights Approach to AI in Latin America
Joana Varon Ferraz is the Executive Directress and Creative Chaos Catalyst at Coding Rights, a women-run organization working to expose and redress the power imbalances built into technology and its application, particularly those that reinforce gender and North/South inequalities. Affiliated to the Berkman Klein Center for Internet and Society at Harvard University and Former Mozilla Media Fellow, Joana is the co-creator of several creative projects operating in the interplay between activism, arts, and technologies. These projects encompass transfeministech.org, chupadados.com, #safersisters, Safer Nudes, protestos.org, Net of Rights, and freenetfilm.org. Joana is focused on bringing the Latin American perspective in the feminist techno-political frameworks for human rights-based development. Joana holds a JD, BA in International Relations, and MA in Law and Development.
Agile Methods, A/B Testing & Human Rights
Alexander Voss is a computer scientist with a long-standing interest in exploring the interplay between technical development and the role that technologies play in society. His focus is on user-designer relationships in software engineering, and the ways that people make sense of complex socio-technical systems. His research at the Carr Center will focus on recent trends in software engineering that promise to improve the generation of feedback from the use of systems into the development process and, at the surface, offer the opportunity to strengthen the role of users in shaping technological development. However, on closer inspection, the methods developed further concentrate control in the hands of tech companies, and rather than turning users into agents able to pursue their interests and assert their rights, instead makes them into a raw material to be measured and manipulated in the interest of, to use Zuboff’s term, ‘the extraction of behavioral surplus.”
The Moral & Political Significance of Algorithms
Annette Zimmermann is a political philosopher working on the ethics of algorithmic decision-making, machine learning, and artificial intelligence. Annette has additional research interests in moral philosophy (particularly the ethics of risk and uncertainty), legal philosophy (the philosophy of punishment), and the philosophy of science (models, explanation, abstraction). Annette’s current research project, "The Algorithmic Is Political", explores how disproportionate distributions of risk and uncertainty associated with the use of emerging technologies like AI and machine learning impact democratic values like equality and justice. Annette conducted her postdoctoral research at Princeton University and holds a DPhil (PhD) and MPhil from the University of Oxford (Nuffield College and St Cross College), and a BA from the Freie Universität Berlin. Annette has held visiting positions at Stanford University, the Australian National University, Yale University, and Sciences Po Paris.