Human Security

Jennifer Leaning

Jennifer Leaning

François-Xavier Bagnoud Professor of the Practice of Health and Human Rights
Director, FXB Center for Health and Human Rights

Dr. Leaning’s research and policy interests include issues of public health, medical ethics, and early warning in response to war and disaster, human rights and international humanitarian law in crisis settings, and problems of human security in the context of forced migration and conflict. She has field experience in problems of public health assessment and human rights in a range of crisis situations (including Afghanistan, Albania, Angola, Kosovo, the Middle East, former Soviet Union, Somalia, the Chad-Darfur border, and the African Great Lakes area) and has written widely on these issues.

Steven Livingston

Steven Livingston

Senior Fellow

Steven Livingston is Professor of Media and Public Affairs and International Affairs with appointments in the School of Media and Public Affairs (SMPA) and the Elliott School of International Affairs (ESIA) at The George Washington University. Currently, he is also a Visiting Scholar at the Brookings Institution in governance studies. He served as the director of the Political Communication Program when it was a degree-granting entity within SMPA (1996-2002; 2004-2006). In 2004, he served as acting director of the School of Media and Public Affairs, a position held until August 2006. He also founded the Public Diplomacy Institute (PDI) at GWU in 2000 and served as the chairman of the Board of Directors until 2008. PDI is now called the Institute for Public Diplomacy and Global Communication. Livingston's research and teaching focus on media/information technology, national security and global politics. He is particularly interested in the role of information technologies and media on governance, development, accountability, and human security.

Averell Schmidt

Averell Schmidt

Fellow

Averell Schmidt is a fellow at the Carr Center for Human Rights Policy. His research focuses on the costs and consequences of the U.S. decision to use torture as an instrument of foreign policy following the attacks of 9/11.

Before joining the Carr Center, Avery received a Master in Public Policy from the Harvard Kennedy School of Government. As a graduate student Avery concentrated in international and global affairs, conducted fieldwork on security sector reform in Indonesia and political development in Egypt, and was editor-in-chief of the Harvard Journal of Middle Eastern Politics and Policy.

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Timothy Patrick McCarthy

Timothy Patrick McCarthy

Lecturer on History and Literature, Public Policy, and Education
Core Faculty and Director, Culture Change & Social Justice Initiatives
Faculty Convener, Emerging Human Rights Leaders Program & Host and Director, "A.R.T. of Human Rights"

Timothy Patrick McCarthy is an award-winning scholar, educator, and public servant.

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Siddharth Kara

Siddharth Kara

Senior Fellow
Director of the Carr Center Program on Human Trafficking and Modern Slavery
Adjunct Lecturer on Public Policy at the Harvard Kennedy School

Siddharth Kara is an Adjunct Lecturer on Public Policy at the Harvard Kennedy School and the Director of the Carr Center Program on Human Trafficking and Modern Slavery. He is also a Fellow on Forced Labor with the FXB Center for Health and Human Rights at the Harvard School of Public Health. Kara is one of the world's foremost experts on contemporary slavery and co-developed/taught the first human trafficking course at the Harvard Kennedy School. Kara is best known for his award-winning book, Sex Trafficking: Inside the Business of Modern Slavery, the first of three books he is writing on the subjects of human trafficking and contemporary slavery. Sex Trafficking was named co-winner of the prestigious 2010 Frederick Douglass Award at Yale University for the best non-fiction book on slavery. The Award is generally regarded as the top prize in the field of slavery scholarship, and Kara's is the first book on modern slavery to receive the award. Kara's second book on slavery, Bonded Labor: Inside the System of Slavery in South Asia was released in October, 2012. In addition to his books, Kara is also the author of several academic and law journal articles.

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Fateh Azzam

Fateh Azzam

Director, Asfari Institute for Civil Society and Citizenship
Fellow

Fateh Azzam is the Director of the Asfari Institute for Civil Society and Citizenship and Senior Policy Fellow at the Issam Fares Institute for Public Policy and International Relations, both at the American University in Beirut. He previously served as the Middle East Regional Representative of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, Director of Forced Migration and Refugee Studies at the American University in Cairo, Human Rights Program Officer at the Ford Foundation in Lagos and Cairo, and Director of the Palestinian organization Al-Haq. He led the process of establishing the Arab Human Rights Fund. Azzam holds an LLM in International Human Rights Law from the University of Essex.

Violence Against Women & Girls

The Carr Center’s Violence Against Women Research Initiative is a curated collection of research, articles, & presentations relating to Violence Against Women.

The Carr Center has collected the documentation in order to create a centralized database  of the legal and implementation gaps in the global framework on VAW.

Torture

Did the U.S. use of torture in the years after 9/11 enhance or hinder its ability to achieve its strategic national security, foreign policy, and political objectives? This is the underlying question that is the focus of the Carr Center’s research on the U.S. use of torture. The Strategic Consequences of Torture research program examines the broad policy ramifications of the U.S. decision to use torture after the attacks of 9/11.

Transitional Justice

The Program on Transitional Justice examines the challenges of countries attempting to regain balance and redress legacies of massive human rights violations. It encompasses issues of legitimacy, criminal prosecutions, truth commissions, reparations, and various kinds of institutional reform necessary to protect vulnerable segments of a society and insure stability.

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